Brown Spots

Brown spots generally appear on exposed areas like the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and hands. They can also be called sun spots, liver spots, age spots, lentigo, melasma etc. Some of the main causes of brown spots are sun exposure, aging and genetics. There are different types of brown spots: 

Solar lentigo is a harmless patch of darkened skin. It results from sun exposure, which causes local proliferation of melanocytes and accumulation of melanin within the skin cells (keratinocytes). Solar lentigos or lentigines are very common, especially in people over the age of 40.

Melasma is a common skin condition. It causes brown to gray-brown discolouration patches on the face. Most people get it on their cheeks, nose, forehead, chin, and above their upper lip.  Melasma is thought to be primarily related to sun exposure, external hormones, like birth control pills, and internal hormonal changes, as seen in pregnancy (Chloasma, pregnancy mask) or menopause. Most people with melasma have a history of daily or intermittent sun exposure. Prevention is primarily aimed at facial sun protection and sun avoidance. Treatment requires regular sunscreen application, medications, such as 4% hydroquinone, or other fading creams. 

Treatment

BBL, cryotherapy, peels, laser, sun protection, microneedling, appropriate skin care, camouflage makeup regimen

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